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Ross Christoph is primarily responsible for the processes and solutionsSpeaker Badge for Product Costing at Eli Lilly and Company on a global basis. Eli Lilly has manufacturing plants located in 13 countries and products marketed in 125 countries. Ross has been with Eli Lilly since 1999 and participated in the implementations of the SAP for product costing and other CO module functionality in many plants and countries around the world. Previously Ross has worked at other manufacturing companies focusing on internal accounting and financial roles since 1979 until becoming involved with SAP projects beginning in 1992. Ross has been a Certified Management Accountant since 1981. 

GR/IR (Goods Receipt / Invoice Receipt) Processing

Ross Christoph 2017GR/IR is the SAP process designed to perform the three-way match – purchase order, material receipt, and vendor invoice.  It uses a clearing account to record the offset of the goods receipt and invoice receipt postings.  Once fully processed the postings in the clearing account will balance.

This balancing is performed at the Purchase Order Line Item based on the quantity entered on these documents.  Price variance is calculated and recorded with these posting; exchange rate variance can be as well.  Small differences can be written off using transactions MR1.

Price Variance
This discussion assumes the purchased materials are using Price Control S (Standard) and not V (Moving Average).

The quantity, as well as the amount, on the Goods Receipt and Invoice Receipt postings is important.  To record to Purchased Price Variance (PPV), Goods Receipt must have been posted.  For Invoice Receipts only, there is no posting to price variance.  There can be additional variance postings on Invoice Receipts after Goods Receipts are posted for differences between the PO price and actual price paid.

When postings Goods Receipts, the price variance is based on the PO price, unless Invoice Receipt has already been posted, then it is based on actual price paid.    If Invoice Receipt has already been posted, the Goods Receipt will be based on the Invoice Receipt up to the quality of the IR, after that is will use the PO price again.

After all postings have been recorded to a Purchase Order Line Item, the net PPV posted will be the difference between the actual price paid and the standard cost of the material.

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SAP Mixed Costing Functionality

Within the Product Costing module SAP offers Mixed Costing functionality. This functionality provides the ability to cost a material using multiple alternative methods, for example when a material is produced with different internal processes.  For companies running the PP-PI module that is specified through separate production versions, which would use different master recipes. When executing a cost estimate the system calculates the cost for each production version, then calculates an average unit cost using weighting factors provided manually. With the Cost Estimate display (CK13N) the system shows the total cost of each procurement alternative and has the ability to view the detail of each.

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Enhancement Pack 4 Functionality for Outsource Manufacturing or Subcontracting Operations

Ross Christoph ResizedWith Enhancement Pack 4 SAP provided additional functionality for processing Outsource Manufacturing or Subcontracting operations.

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SAP ERP Group Costing and Valuation Tips

In addition to the calculation of standard costs at the company code level, SAP ERP also includes functionality to calculate standard costs across the entire corporation.  These are referred to as group costs. Instead of using legal transfer prices, which is the basis for company code standard costs, group costing performs complete across company costing.

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